Please send us your views….
Because this is a question we get asked all the time Bec, Derek and I wanted to develop a simple answer. Drawing on the great work from Canada , we have written a short list describing what we see as the key differences between qualitative research and involvement (see table below).
We would love your feedback on whether this list makes sense or could be improved in anyway. We’ll use your comments to produce a final version.
Please comment by 31 March, via this blog or tweet @KristinaStaley2 or @DerekCStewart, #QualitativeandPPI or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
|Qualitative research project||Involvement in a research project|
|Aims to answer a research question||Aims to help select and refine a research question|
|Seeks people’s input as data to answer a research question||Seeks people’s input to inform and influence decisions about how research is designed, delivered and disseminated|
|Researchers have the power to analyse the data in the way they think best||Patients, the public and researchers share power to make joint decisions about the research based on their combined views|
|Generates evidence that may be generally useful
|Generates insight and learning that may be specific to the researchers and patients/public involved and their particular project|
|Needs ethical approval||Does not always need ethical approval (see this guidance produced by INVOLVE and NRES) but does need to reflect ethical practice|
|Follows a standard method||Uses a flexible approach that meets the needs of the people involved|
|Seeks views from a representative sample||Seeks a range of perspectives from people with diverse experiences|
|Can be done by one researcher on behalf of the team||Needs many members of a team to be involved as they could each learn something different from the experience|
Bec Hanley, Kristina Staley, Derek Stewart Feb 2019
 Doria et al. (2018) Sharpening the focus: differentiating between focus groups for patient engagement vs. qualitative research. Research Involvement and Engagement, 4:19.